The 12th Louisiana Infantry

by R. Hugh Simmons
Copyright Registered with the Library of Congress.
This material may not be copied or used for any purpose
without the express written permission of the author.

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Last Updated:  January 07, 2009

The 12th Louisiana Infantry was organized at Camp Moore, Louisiana in August 1861 with ten companies of volunteers from several northern Louisiana parishes. In the spring of 1862 two additional companies were added bringing the total to 12 companies. In July 1862, "first Company M" was merged with Company C into a new Company C. In September of 1862 a company of exchanged prisoners of war that had belonged to the 9th Louisiana Infantry was added to the regiment and designated "second Company M." The 12th Louisiana organization carried twelve companies for the balance of the war.

To read a brief history of each company and to view a roster of the men who served in that company, click on the company name in the second column of the table below.  The regimental headquarters page is reached by clicking on Field & Staff in the first column in the table below.

A note to genealogy researchers:  

The 12th Louisiana Infantry Regiment presented here should not be confused with the 12th Battalion of Louisiana Infantry or with the 12th Battalion of Louisiana Heavy Artillery. These were different and unrelated units. The 12th Louisiana Infantry regiment to which this website is dedicated served east of the Mississippi River throughout the war with the Army of Mississippi and with the Army of Tennessee.

The 12th Battalion, Louisiana Infantry remained within the State of Louisiana. In November of 1863 it was merged with the Crescent Regiment [a.k.a. 24th Louisiana Infantry] and the 11th Battalion of Louisiana Infantry to form the Consolidated Crescent Regiment. Along with Gray's 28th Louisiana Infantry, the Consolidated Crescent Regiment attacked the head of Bank's column advancing up the Red River on April 8, 1864 at Mansfield.

The 12th Battalion, Louisiana Heavy Artillery was formed in Virginia from 5 independent companies of artillery present for duty on the Virginia Peninsula in early 1862. Two companies were from Orleans Parish, two companies from the state of Virginia, and one company from the state of Alabama. This "Louisiana" battalion was transferred from Virginia in September 1862 to provide the artillery garrison for the newly created earthworks blocking the Mississippi River at Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Source:  Dr. Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr.'s Guide to Louisiana Confederate Military Units 1861-1865 [LSU Press, 1989].

  Click on Nickname to View Company Rosters

Company

Nickname

Parish of Origin

Field & Staff

A

North Louisiana Cadets

DeSoto, Natchitoches, Sabine

B

Arcadia Invincibles

Bienville

C

Southern Sentinels

Winn

D

Beauregard Fencibles

Winn

E

Independent Rangers

Union

F

Morehouse Stars

Morehouse

G

"Company G"

Claiborne

H

Jackson Sharpshooters

Jackson

I

Farmer Guards

Union

K

Caldwell Invincibles

Caldwell

L

Claiborne Rangers

Claiborne

M1

Farmer Rangers

Natchitoches

M2

Jackson Greys

Jackson

Louisiana and its Parishes in 1861

1861Map.gif (27593 bytes)

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