The 12th Louisiana Infantry
by R. Hugh Simmons

Copyright registered with the Library of Congress. This material may not be copied or used for any purpose without the express written permission of the author. 

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Company I 

August 1861 to May 1862
12 Month Volunteers @ Camp Moore

Southern Sentinels
Winn Parish

Last Updated:  April 29, 2008

Company C  

May 1862 to April 1865
For 3 Years or the Duration of the War

The Southern Sentinels were recruited in Winnfield, Louisiana by Winn Parish Clerk of Court John Abernathy Dixon. This was the third company of volunteers to organize in the parish. Initial enrollment took place in Winnfield on August 6th and 7th and the company immediately marched overland to the Red River community of St. Maurice in southwestern Winn Parish to board a river steamer for the trip to New Orleans. There they were transferred to the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad and moved north around Lake Ponchartrain to Camp Moore, Louisiana in modern day Tangipahoa Parish.  This company arrived at Camp Moore just in time to be included in the Twelfth Regiment,  Louisiana Volunteers. The Southern Sentinels' official enrollment date for 12 months of service at Camp Moore was August 18, 1861.

The regiment was moved promptly by rail from Camp Moore to Union City, Tennessee and two weeks later on September 3, 1861 marched into Columbus, Kentucky on the east bank of the Mississippi River. They remained at Columbus for nearly six months during which time they participated in the construction of the extensive earth and timber fortifications created to protect artillery positions that blocked Federal usage of the river. First time exposure to communicable camp diseases, bitter cold weather, garrison duty, and army life in general discouraged many men. A substantial number of these early volunteers died, or were discharged for disability, or granted sick furlough from which they never returned. Many have simply disappeared from the records. However, Captain Dixon was able to recruit replacements to keep the company up to minimum strength.

The regiment was re-organized on May 10, 1862 under the terms of the Conscription Act passed by the Confederate Congress in April 1862. This required all white male residents of the Confederate States ages 18 to 35 years to enroll in the military for "three years or the duration of the war." Under this act, all 12 month volunteer regiments in the field were re-enrolled. Because they were volunteers, they retained the privileges granted to volunteer regiments and elected their own officers and non-commissioned officers. The re-enrollment election was an opportunity to get rid of unpopular leaders elected at Camp Moore and many changes took place. Officers not re-elected were allowed to resign and go home and were no longer subject to military service. Non-commissioned officers not re-elected were required to return to the ranks as privates. Many men accepted this and served honorably until the end of the war.

The Farmer Guards of Natchitoches Parish were re-enrolled in May 1862 as Company M (Company M1 in the Compiled Military Service Records) even though the company was badly under strength. When it became apparent that this company could not be recruited to bring it up to strength, the company was dissolved and merged with Company C in July 1862. A new election was held which divided the company officer and non-commissioned officer positions between the Winn Parish and Natchitoches Parish volunteers. Again officers from both of the original companies who were not re-elected to positions in the combined company were allowed to resign and go home.

Captain John Dixon was re-elected Captain of the newly consolidated Company C while Angus C. Alexander from Natchitoches Parish served as 1st Lieutenant. William A. Dill from Natchitoches Parish replaced David Williams as company 1st Sergeant. The positions of 2nd Lieutenant, Sergeant, and Corporal were split evenly between the two groups.

To facilitate genealogical research, I have presented the two company rosters on separate pages to maintain the identity of their places of initial enrollment. The men named below came from Winn Parish.

COMPANY C ROSTER

The Compiled Military Service Records are organized alphabetically by regiment. 

This company roster was derived from the author's 12th Louisiana database

and is not available as such from the National Archives.

Copyright registered with the Library of Congress.

Data presented below:  (1) name as it appears in the Compiled Military Service Records with spelling variations, (2) highest rank held in the company, and (3) initial enrollment data. Camp Moore volunteers are designated by the letters CM. Volunteers who joined after the regiment left Camp Moore are designated by the year of their enrollment.

 

Captain

Dixon, John Abernathy

CM

1st Lieutenant

Bevill, James (Bevel, James R.)

CM

2nd Lieutenants

Jordan, James L.

CM

McElwee, John J.

CM

Miles, William, Jr.

CM

Ponder, William A.

CM

Teddlie, Thomas J.

CM

 

1st Sergeant

Williams, David B.

CM

Sergeants

Dixon, George M.

62

Hansecom, Isaac

61

Lee, Willis A. [William A.]

CM

Sprawl, Thomas M.

64

Corporals

Beasley, William H.

CM

Bird, James R.

CM

McCarty, Orange

CM

Thornton, L. J.

CM

Turner, Gilford B.

62

Womack, John

CM

McCarty, William

CM

Salmons, Nelson

CM

Teddlie, Theodore F.

62

Privates

Alford, Albert

CM

McCaghren, James

CM

Baillio, Gustavus A.

CM

McDonald, William James

CM

Banks, Aldolphus

62

McDowell, Henry S.

CM

Bass, James U. [James W.]

CM

McGee, William

CM

Beanirwick, James W.

62

Moffatt, Charles F.

CM

Beavers, James M.

CM

Moffatt, Nathaniel R.

CM

Bennett, Calvin F.

CM

Muirhead, Charles

CM

Bernstein, Joseph

CM

Murphy, Jesse

CM

Bolton, Manoah

CM

Newman, Drury W. [Newland]

CM

Branch, Archy

CM

Newman, James

CM

Brett, Jesse E.

CM

Nicholson, Daniel

CM

Bridges, Levi M. [S. M.]

CM

Nicholson, Roderick

CM

Brinkley, Thomas H. [Brindley]

CM

Null, Napoleon B.

CM

Brock, David J.

CM

Owens, George C.

CM

Brown, Andrew J.

CM

Owens, Richard A.

CM

Buchan, David

CM

Peoples, David

CM

Buchan, John

CM

Peoples, John W.

CM

Bullock, Joseph W.

CM

Peoples, William J.

CM

Bullock, Thomas F.

62

Perry, Jasper N.

CM

Campbell, Clinch G.

CM

Peters, Charles W.

CM

Carroll, John C.

CM

Porter, James T.

CM

Carter, Meredith

CM

Riser, Thomas H. [Rives]

CM

Dampeer, Albert

CM

Rogers, Oliver G.

CM

Davidson, Isaac

62

Rogers, Peleg T.

CM

Davis, Josiah F

CM

Rollins, John

62

DeSoto, Jules

CM

Sanders, Cader P.

CM

Dickinson, Joel S.

61

Shones, E. P.

64

Dixon, Benjamin F.

CM

Smith, Patrick

62

Durham, John

CM

Spikes, William Z.

CM

Evans, Larkin

62

Sprawls, Francis M.

CM

Fountain, William

CM

Stanfield, John J.

63

Fuller, Silas B.

CM

Stephens, Ezekiel G.

62

George, Nicholas

CM

Stewart, John

CM

Gish, Benjamin F.

62

Stewart, Joseph B.

62

Hanft, John S.

CM

Strouse, Reuben [Strause]

CM

Harville, George W.

CM

Teagle, John G.

CM

Henry, Robert

61

Teagle, William C.

CM

Holly, John

CM

Tompkins, Samuel T.

CM

Holt, R. F.

CM

Underwood, Robert D.

CM

Howell, Thomas W. J.

CM

Vowells, Andrew J. [Vowels]

CM

Ivey, Jasper

62

Warner, J. H.

64

Jones, Josiah S.

62

Warren, George R.

CM

Jordan, Joel F.

CM

Warren, Moses [Warner, Moses]

CM

Jordan, William

CM

Warwick, Joseph [Warrick]

64

Keen, James M.

CM

White, John J.

CM

Keen, Moses

62

Williams, James R. [Willis]

CM

Killen, John

CM

Williams, Richard S.

62

Lee, James S.

CM

Willis, Jacob E.

62

Leyland, William B.

CM

Willis, James M. [James R.]

62

Lucky, John C.

CM

Wingate, Francis M.

62

Lucky, Levin McL.

CM

Womack, Edward C.

CM

Mathis, Gabriel S.

CM

Womack, Joseph

CM

Mathis, Stephen T.

CM

Wright, Eli

CM

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LSU Class of 1965.  Geaux Tigers!!

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